For the people who are not from the field of electronic or electricity, it is quite tough to understand about the various terms of this field. Therefore, here, in Singapore we have tried to simply the terms and a brief information about electronic component. We will also give details about the various parts of the component and its function.
These are the basic electronic parts or element packaged usually in a discrete form with the help of more than one connecting leads.
Basically the electronic components are connected with each other, commonly through soldering to a printed circuit board (PCB), with an objective to form an electronic circuit having some functions. Few main components are: capacitor, resistor, transistor, operational amplifier, diode, logic gate, resistor array, etc.
Different types of electronic components
Primarily two types of electronic components: Active and Passive.
These are the components that do not directionality or gain. These components are also commonly called as electrical elements, e.g. of this are resistors, diodes, capacitors, Inductors, etc.
These are the components that have both directionality as well as gain. The e.g. of these components are transistors, ICs, integrated circuits and logic gates.
Functions of these components
Connectors and terminals
This is used to create an electrical connection.
In an electrical field it stores electrical charge.
This is used to resist the current.
These use magnetism.
It uses more than one passive component to work.
Crystals, piezoelectric devices, and resonators
These are the passive components using effects of piezoelectric.
This is an electronic control component with no parts moving.
These are the components, which conduct electricity in a single direction.
This is a semiconductor device and it has the capability of amplification of sound and other things.